Countries that recognize the crucial role tourism plays are constantly developing strategies to remain relevant in the industry. This doesn’t however hold true for Ghana, as key stakeholders in the tourism sector have failed to show commitment towards the industry over the years. It was an entirely different situation in the 1980’s down to the 2000’s when Ghana was leading its neighbours as the number one tourist destination. Ghana, in those times could record as high as over 500,000 tourists in a year. Tourism was promoted through useful programmes including Emancipation Day Celebrations, Pan African Festivals and the like.
The sector was formerly the fourth largest contributor to foreign exchange and GDP, aside cocoa and gold, and social, economic and political stability fostered growth in the sector. However recent statistics, especially from the World Economic Forum, have shown that Ghana’s performance in tourism is rapidly dwindling. In the 2013 World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI), Kenya ranked 23 globally in tourism prioritization while Ghana ranked 119 out of 140 countries.
Why focus on tourism?
The relevance of tourism cannot be overemphasized. Tourism remains a key sector for rejuvenation of economies of various countries. In countries like Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania , tourism does not only serve as a major income generator but has also ensured a stabilisation of inflation, increased foreign exchange and cedi appreciation. Figures from the UN World Tourism Organisation (UNTWO) have revealed that in 2010, foreign exchange earnings from the tourism sector rose by 17.9% in Kenya, specifically, from KSh 62.5 billionn 2009 to KSh 73.7 billion which is equivalent to 606,250,000 and 714,890,000 dollars respectively. Statistics have also established that tourism is a key economic driver in Kenya. The tourism sector generated approximately 10% of the country’s GDP and 9% of total formal employment in 2010, according to UNTWO. During my ten day stay in Nairobi, these statistics highlighting Kenya’s performance in the tourism sector became believable after discovering the great deal of importance placed on tourism.
Every year, the country organises a tourism expo dubbed Magical Kenya Tourism Expo which affords key stakeholders in the tourism sector an opportunity to network and share ideas. The advantage of this programme is far reaching as it does not only give Kenya, the host country an opportunity to market what it has to offer in terms of tourism to the world, but also generates revenue for the economy.
For instance, at one of the tourism centres I visited, about 10 to 15 tourists trooped in every 30 minutes to the same centre. I was charged about 1000 shillings [9.6 dollars]as a foreigner to have access to these places. So if about 100 tourists were to visit the place in a day [which is possible], about 100,000 Kenya shillings worth of revenue which is equivalent to 970 dollars will be made a day.
State of Ghana’s tourism centres
While Kenya is making huge strides in the tourism sector, Ghana is still lagging behind and the laissez faire attitude various stakeholders have developed towards the industry has relegated us to the background. We have failed to renovate our tourism centres. We never add on to the beauty. Our maintenance culture really sucks and we do not see the need to invest in promoting tourism in Ghana. Ghana’s wildlife reserves, vegetation formation among others are deteriorating and we have not done much to provide remedies for these challenges. Ghana will reap immense benefits from the sector if government commits to policy reforms that enhance an enabling environment for tourism which will consequently protect the sector’s assets base and build capacity in terms of revenue generation.
By: Marian Ansah/citifmonline.com/Ghana