Portugal leases empty forts, monasteries to boost tourism

Portugal leases empty forts, monasteries to boost tourism

The star-shaped walls of the hilltop town of Elvas dominate the plains of Portugal’s southern Alentejo region near the border with Spain.

However, despite being declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2012, Elvas receives few visitors aside from the occasional Spanish day-tripper.

To try to change this, Portugal’s second-largest hotel group, Vila Gale SA, is spending about 5 million euros (US$6.2 million) to convert a former convent into a luxury hotel. Dozens of builders are working on the 17th-century whitewashed building, last used as a military court, to transform it into an 80-room, four-star hotel that is set to open next year.

“We are convinced that with a quality hotel, tourists will stay in Elvas,” said Jorge Rebelo de Almeida, the president of Vila Gale, which was awarded a 40-year lease to operate the state-owned building.

Tourism has become a key driver of Portugal’s economy since 2014, when the country exited a three-year 78 billion euro international bailout that imposed harsh austerity measures on its citizens.

Now, to attract visitors to places not currently on their radar, and help ensure a constant year-round flow of tourists, Portugal’s socialist government is leasing abandoned monasteries, forts and other historic sites to private groups to be turned into hotels and other leisure centers.

The building is one of 33 abandoned historical sites the government is offering to lease for up to 50 years under a program dubbed “Revive.”

Among the other available sites is a fort in the northwestern town of Caminha that has one of only three wells in the world located at sea. Another is a sanctuary in Cape Espichel near Lisbon where according to legend there was once an apparition of the Virgin Mary.

“I am convinced that the future of tourism involves hotels with a differentiated offering,” added Rebelo de Almeida, whose company last year posted revenue of 173 million euros, a 13 percent jump over 2016 as it benefited from Portugal’s tourism boom.

Tourism accounts for 12.5 percent of the country’s economic output and has been growing steadily since 2011, with British, German and French nationals accounting for nearly half of all foreign visitors.

However, most tourists from abroad head to the sandy beaches of the Algarve, Portugal’s southernmost region; the capital, Lisbon, with its wealth of historical monuments; and the northern Porto region, with its nearby terraced hillside vineyards that overlook the Douro River.

Arrivals are concentrated in late spring, summer and autumn, with tourism activity slumping in winter.

“We want to get away from these traditional destinations,” Portuguese Secretary of State for Tourism Ana Mendes Godinho said, adding that the government wanted to “extend this activity throughout the entire year.”

Portugal welcomed a record 18.2 million foreign tourists in 2016 and, while official figures for last year have not yet been published, government and tourism sector officials believe the figure was even higher.

The country has seen a surge in visitors partly due to security concerns in other popular sunshine vacation destinations, such as Egypt and Turkey.

Portuguese hotels last year welcomed 20.6 million guests, an 8.9 percent rise over the previous year, helping the tourism sector create about 53,000 new jobs.

These results show that “the tourism sector can still grow a great deal in Portugal,” Godinho said.