On the heels of an Israeli air raid on Syria, which saw the downing of a Russian plane, Moscow will deliver S-300 anti-aircraft systems to Damascus now. Here’s an instant guide to the sophisticated weapon and its own capabilities.
The Syrian Army has sought to procure the S-300 from Russia long, but talks which began in mid-2000 were interrupted by the civil war in 2011. The existing air defense systems operated by Syria’s military will be the old-fashioned S-125s and S-200s mainly. The downing of a Russian patrol pane by the Syrian missiles – which Moscow said was due to Israeli jets utilizing the plane as ‘cover’ – has changed the overall game now.
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So, of the deployment ahead, let’s summarize the main element specs of the weapon never to be underestimated by Tel Aviv.
The S-300 family originated in the Soviet Union in the 1970s, and its own main aim was to guard and control airspace against incoming bombers, fighter jets along with other airborne targets.
Depending on specific variant of the missiles used (export versions are slightly less capable), the war machine comes with an engagement selection of around 250km (155 miles), that was the figure mentioned by the Russian Defense Ministry. If confirmed, it could imply that the variant Syria shall get may be the more complex S-300VM instead of S-300PMU2, which Russia decided to provide to Syrian forces previously.
Either variant allows Syria to raised detect and track Israeli warplanes after removing from their bases within Israel. Combined with lethal capacity for the missiles, this may undermine Israel’s air superiority during raids against targets in Syria.
The S-300 operations are fully automated and the operational system can track and engage multiple aerial targets simultaneously. It also can simply and rapidly change firing positions in order to avoid being targeted within an enemy retaliatory strike.
Export variants of the S-300 have compatibility with the initial Russian systems curbed, however the Russian Defense Ministry said it had been likely to integrate Syrian air defenses with Russian assets in Syria. This might allow friend-foe identification of Russian aircraft flying over Syria, but could permit the Syrians to utilize data from Russian radar stations to activate enemy targets.
Better protected, less visible
don’t be spotted by the enemy
To, S-300 launchers and auxiliary vehicles use various method of masking, like versatile camouflage nets. The launchers may also be put into trenches usually. Though looking such as a low-tech solution, it protects the operational system from stray projectiles and nearby explosions.
In addition, an S-300 battery may be supplemented with a particular device, which detects incoming anti-radar shuts and missiles down the S-300 radar stations while deploying decoys and jammers.
Armed with powerful missiles
The S-300 uses a range of medium-to-long-range missiles going to airborne targets. Most variants carry 130kg (287lb) to 150kg (330lb) fragmentation warheads with semi-active homing systems. But additionally, there are lighter variants with 24kg (53lb) warheads, with active supermaneuvering and homing capabilities.
Though not the most recent of its sort, S-300 is known as an extremely capable surface-to-air system given its jamming-resistant electronics.
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