Males tend to outnumber females in most parliaments around the world but not in Rwanda. Women make up the majority of parliament in this African country.
By most measures, Rwanda is Africa’s gender-equality success story for high female representation in politics, education and the workplace.
Rwanda was the first country in the world to have more than half of its government run by women.
Currently 64 percent of the parliament is female and has been ranked highest country in the world with most women in parliament as of January 2017.
Jessica Horn, director of programmes, African Women’s Development Fund in Ghana, says: “There is a legacy of African women playing significant roles in political leadership, and so it should not be too much of a surprise to see women playing political roles in Rwanda.
|Memory Pamella Kadau: Rwanda sets an example for Africa and the world in terms of women’s political participation process.|
“It’s the number that is significant – and that is the result of mobilising.
“African feminists have always argued though that it is not just quantity – the number of women in parliament – but politics – [that is,] whether they work for a women’s rights and transformative agenda.”
Horn says “on that point every African parliament needs work. We still don’t have full consistent commitment to prioritising and financing gender equality anywhere. That’s why we remain advocates”.
|Ngozi Cole: My hope is to keep continuing to fight for more progress in terms of political participation and more laws that empower women|
Rwanda is also a global leader in commitments related to the #HeforShe campaign, the global solidarity movement for gender equality, developed by UN women and spearheaded by men in support of justice and equality for women.
But just because Rwanda has a female-majority government, does not mean women are better off.
According to the UN, rates of domestic violence are considered high in the country.
Al Jazeera talked to several women across the continent about how Rwanda sets an example for other African countries.
|Jessica Horn: We still don’t have full consistent commitment to prioritising and financing gender equality anywhere|
Duduzile Nyirongo, a feminist who celebrated International Women’s Day in the Rwandan capital Kigali, on Thursday, told Al Jazeera that Rwanda is an example for gender inclusivity.
She said “there is still a lot of work that needs to be done, not only in governments spaces, but also on business and corporate level”.
Memory Pamella Kadau, a human rights activist from Zimbabwe, said “as we commemorate and celebrate International Women’s Day, we reflect upon the progress and the influence of African feminism. Rwanda sets an example for Africa and the world in terms of women’s political participation process.”
|Duduzile Nyirongo: There is still a lot of work to be done|
Ngozi Cole from Sierra Leone said: “We need more political participation.
“In my country we haven’t even achieved to come close to Rwanda’s example of more that 64 percent women represented in the parliament.
“My hope is to keep continue to fight for more progress in terms of political participation and more laws that empower women and make women’s lives easier.”
Thursday’s International Women’s Day celebrations on social media were big in Rwanda.
Celebrating International Women’s Day in Rwanda were 61% of the parliament is made up of women. Rwanda is a good example of a country that has made progress in terms of gender inclusiveness. What are you doing to press for progress? #IWD2018 #PressForProgress #ALUSB pic.twitter.com/OHCOFHLuYh
— #BringBackItaiDzamara (@dudumo) March 8, 2018
Sharing pictures of herself, a user on Twitter said: “Rwanda is a good example of a country that has made progress in terms of gender inclusiveness. What are you doing to press for progress?”
— Ninsiima Innocent (@Ninsiima250) March 8, 2018
Someone else tweeted “Happy Women’s Day to the amazing women in the Rwandan Defense Forces who work day and night to keep peace in Rwanda. We salute you.”
— Kim Kamasa (@KimKamasa) March 8, 2018
Kim tweeted “Happy #InternationalWomensDay to Rwandan Women. Thanks for your contribution in moving our nation forward.